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Monday, March 7, 2022

Education Frameworks - Talking Tech Integration

Our district has chosen to use Apple's Elements of Learning as a framework for our technology integration this year. We've been a 1:1 Apple school district for 9 years. Every student K-8 has an iPad that they take home daily. Some of our neediest students have their iPads about 340 days a year. 

In 2012 we used the SAMR framework to talk tech integration. We were very device focused since we were brand new at 1:1. SAMR stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition. This is from the work of Dr. Ruben Puentedura. The first two are considered below-the-line teaching. They have their place in the classroom, but they don't really change the learning. The latter two are considered above the line and the learning changes. Above the line or innovative teaching is a moving target. In the early 90's QR codes were innovative and considered above the line, but now they are augmentation at best. This last point is one of the reasons I don't like using this framework with teachers. Nobody wants to work towards a moving target. Want more information on SAMR? Here is a great video from Common Sense Media if you like to learn with videos. Here's another take on it from my friend Carl Hooker.

In 2015 or 2016 we started to talk about TPACK as our framework. This framework was more teacher-centered as we moved through our 1:1 journey. It is the combination of the teacher's pedagogical knowledge, content knowledge, and technological knowledge. Where the 3 intersect is the sweet spot, the place where teachers want to be, as far as technology integration. Common Sense Media has a video for TPACK as well. 

Now we are using Apple's Elements of Learning as a framework to talk technology integration. This framework is very student-centered. The 5 elements are teamwork, communication and creation, critical thinking, personalized learning, and real-world engagement. Apple says that students that come from classrooms that have these 5 elements are highly effective learners sans the technology. The technology amplifies the learning. Because it is Apple there isn't a graphic available on the web.  

Frameworks help a district create a common understanding and a common language around an initiative. There are many frameworks out there. We have used the Knoster Model for Change, the TRU Framework, and others to support other work that we do in my district. 

What frameworks have you used? 


  1. We've use SAMR. I am interested in the others that you have written about, though!

  2. We have been on a JOURNEY! :) Thanks for taking me down memory lane!

  3. PS - I'm waiting for you to pull the trigger and try that new writing format! I'll be your biggest cheerleader! ;)